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Despite the fact that pregnancy is one of the most beautiful stages in a woman's life, many social factorsMedical or otherwise can endanger the life of the expectant mother and her baby.
Pregnancies high risk They appear with a frequency of 10% and require a control by the parents and the doctor to avoid such serious problems as premature births or fetal or pregnant death. Among the causes that cause a high-risk pregnancy some can be avoided, such as smoking problems or alcoholism, while others require a control when arising in pregnancy, for example gestational diabetes.
According to the doctor Victor M. Meneses of the College of Gynecology and Obstetrics of Mexico, there are some diseases that can be complicated if the patient becomes pregnant, for example cardiovascular diseases, kidney problems, high blood pressure, cancer or diabetes. If the woman seeking to have a child suffers from any of these ailments, she should first consult a specialist to reduce the risks in pregnancy.
In the same way, the expert recommends planning, as far as possible, the pregnancy as a couple, especially if there is a family history or a medical history that favors a high-risk pregnancy, and carrying out, in turn, prenatal consultations .
As practical advice, maternal age should be taken into account, since women under 18 and over 40 fall into the risk group. You should also eliminate the consumption of tobacco, alcohol and other harmful substances, maintain a good diet before and during pregnancy and spread pregnancies for a minimum of 18 months to help the mother's recovery.
In many cases, a high-risk pregnancy cannot be avoided, either due to medical problems such as maternal anemia or diabetes, or due to social problems such as teenage or late pregnancies. In this case, it is essential to carry out medical controls to ensure the proper development of the pregnancy.
Once the cause of the high-risk pregnancy is found, the frequency of gynecological check-ups vary, but you should always monitor your weight and blood pressure, fetal heart rate, uterine dynamics and perform some tests such as blood tests, urine controls, ultrasound and amniocentesis.
In turn, the specialist must keep future parents informed of possible complications, diet, controls and medication, if applicable, that should be followed, and, very importantly, should teach them to recognize the warning signs that require emergency medical intervention.
Patricia garcia. Contributor to our site
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