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Child burns. Treatments and care


Burns are one of the most common childhood accidents in the home. They pose a risk to children when, due to their age, do not take precautions not to burn when washing with too hot water or spilling the soup bowl.

Babies and children are more vulnerable to scalds from hot water and hot liquids. However, these burns, considered minor, are not a serious problem and can be treated safely at home. However, more serious second or third degree burns require medical attention.

Before acting, it is convenient to determine what type of burn we are in order to apply the most indicated treatment.

Superficial or first degree burn

It is the most common among children and lThe first thing to do is submerge the burn in cold water, never in ice water. It is also not advisable to apply ice directly on the burn, toothpaste, butter or oil because it could cause more damage to the skin.

After cooling the burn, apply an aloe vera cream or a special antibiotic burn cream. Ibuprofen or acetaminophen taken by mouth may help ease your child's pain.
If the first or second degree burn is on the child's face, hands, feet or genitals, take them to the doctor right away.

Second degree burn

First, soak the burn in cold water for 15 minutes. Next, apply an antibiotic cream and cover the burn with a non-adherent dressing, fixing it with gauze or tape. Change the dressing every day and take the opportunity to check the burn for signs of infection such as redness, swelling or pus.

To change the dressing, make sure your hands are very clean, then wash the burn and apply an antibiotic cream. To prevent infection, prevent the child from trying to pop the blisters, keep his nails short and try not to scratch around the burned area. The burned area will be sensitive to sunlight for a year.

Third degree burn

It is the most serious burn and needs medical assistance. Do not remove burned clothing from the child that is attached to the skin, or immerse the burn in water. Go to the ER immediately.

The electrical burns, which occur when, for example, a child sticks their fingers in an outlet or is burned by a light cable, they usually cause serious injuries inside the body. The lesions are therefore not visible on the skin and, for this reason, the child must be taken immediately to the doctor or to call health care. In the meantime, there are several things to keep in mind:

1. Before taking care of the child and touching him, make sure that he is no longer in contact with the source of electricity, otherwise you will also suffer the electric shock.

2. Wash the burned area with plenty of running water for at least 5 minutes.

3. Do not remove burned clothing from the child in case it is stuck to the skin.

When chemical burns have occurred in the mouth or in the eyes of children, they require immediate evaluation by the doctor, after washing well with water. If the child has ingested the product Burns are likely to be severe due to possible damage to the child's internal organs, and you should take your child to the emergency room. It will be helpful to know what type of chemical your child ingested or was exposed to. Symptoms can vary, depending on the type and severity of the burn, and can include abdominal pain.

If instead of a chemical substance, the child has ingested a dangerous object (such as a watch battery), also take your child to the ER.

A burn from a chemical substance should be washed with large amounts of water and never put anything on the burned area because it could be triggered a chemical reaction in the area that could make the burn worse. Likewise, it is advisable to remove the child's clothes impregnated with the substance as soon as possible and put him under the shower so that the water takes away any remains that may remain on the skin.

You can read more articles similar to Child burns. Treatments and care, in the First Aid category on site.


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