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The visual health of children is very important for their development and prevention is the best measure to correct any abnormality. Parents and educators must be very attentive to observe and detect a possible vision problem in the child.
To make this task easier, it is necessary to know the visual development of each child, depending on their age. This way we can detect any problem correctly and on time.
In this period of his life, the baby is interested in objects of high contrast. Strongly colored things are the ones that catch your eye the most. And those that are far away do not attract him. For this reason, it is advisable to stimulate your child's vision with:
- Contrast. Dolls, mobiles, materials and toys of various colors.
- Combinations. Objects that present combinations such as white and red or yellow and brown.
- Bright environment. Make sure there is always good lighting in your room.
- Position changes of his crib so that the baby perceives the different panoramas.
- Get your attention. Talk to the baby when you enter his room. Visitors or relatives can do the same when they approach the baby, thus associating two stimuli at the same time, the visual and the auditory.
- Games and movements. Stand in front of the baby and once you feel that he notices your presence, move your head so that the baby follows your face with his eyes.
- Light movements. Gently move a flashlight for the baby to follow your light. Or use a light box to cast different lights onto the crib or ceiling.
- Reflexes. When the baby is seated, put a small mirror hanging from the sides of the crib. It is sure to catch your eye.
At this age, they begin the exploration of other objects that are a little further away. Getting close to them is what will stimulate your baby to crawl, walk and run. By touching them, you will learn hand-eye coordination and will realize that you can touch what you see. He will already articulate toys and realize the shapes and size of objects.
At this stage, here's how you can stimulate your child's vision:
- Riding toys. Dice, fit and tighten, that demand a response.
- Close and far. Putting objects out of reach for the baby to strain to reach for them. Allow him to explore his surroundings, moving freely. As he touches the objects, tell him the name of each of them. This will reconcile your vision with language.
- Contrast. Using objects of high contrast, with highlights and lights.
- Balls. Playing with balls so that the child can observe the movement of the ball coming and going and feel like pushing it.
- Playing cards. Using card games for the baby to try to put them in order.
Writing and reading skills are normally developed from the age of 4. At this age, visual development is growing. The child will use his vision to read and write, visually following from left to right.
To help you further develop your vision, you need to:
- You teach him to follow lines on a blackboard or paper from top to bottom, from left to right, and diagonally.
- Stimulates knowledge and vision by playing with magnetic letters and numbers.
- Expand your child's memory by playing the memory game with him, or the game of assembling words and numbers.
- Teach him to move his eyes from left to right to read, putting the child's finger on each word you read.
- Encourage the child to match objects with their respective names.
- Develop the association of photos with the real object.
- Help him to coordinate eye-hand and eye-foot, playing ball, balloon or with a racket.
- Play with puzzles, cubes, puzzles, dominoes and blocks.
During this period, it is convenient to observe whether or not the child has difficulty reading the blackboard (far) or the books (close). It is necessary to detect early if the child needs special conditions and materials to see. And for that, it is advisable that:
- Provide books with size and letter shapes according to their age.
- Study in an environment with good lighting. Place your study table near a window. Natural light is the best.
- Provide a place for the child to read and study.
- Teach him to stand about 60 cm away from the computer screen and a good distance from the television. Remember that you should not be exposed in front of the screens for more than one hour a day.
- Take him to the ophthalmologist if you detect any abnormality in your child's eyes.
The content provided here is for informational purposes only. It is not intended to diagnose or treat a health problem or to replace medical consultation. Always consult your pediatrician or visit the child's ophthalmologist.
You can read more articles similar to Vision care for children according to their age, in the category of Vision on site.