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Infant herpes is a frequent viral infection, which occurs in two varieties: the herpes type I, the most common in both children and adults, which produces painful lesions around the mouth in the form of canker sores (fever).
Lesions that begin on one side of the mouth give way to a swollen, red area with painful blisters 1 to 3 mm in diameter, which open and release an opalescent fluid. Then a scab forms.
The herpes type II, Herpes Zoster, mainly affects adults and is a skin infection in the form of a rash that appears in the form of a ring, like a blister that is painful.
It is more frequent in genital region. Herpes virus recurrence episodes do not produce general symptoms such as fever. It is only limited to the affected area.
Herpes simplex, type I. The cause of cold sores is the herpes simplex virus, which is transmitted by contact and is installed in the sensory nerves. After infection, the virus is activated due to chronic sunburn, fever, friction or physical exhaustion.
Herpes Zoster, type II. The Zoster virus, the same one that also causes chickenpox, is the cause of this disease. To suffer from shingles it is necessary to have been in contact with the virus, that is, to have had chickenpox before.
The virus is lodged in the cells of the sensory nerve ganglia that innervate this region and can reactivate in situations of stress, low defenses (children), fever, exposure to the sun or menstruation in adolescents.
Herpes simplex or cold. The infection process lasts between 10 and 14 days, the time it takes for the blisters to mature, break, dry and form scabs, which peel off without leaving marks or scars.
It is very important that the virus does not reach the eye area. So that the infection does not spread, it is very important that the child wash his hands frequently and do not touch the blisters, he should not kiss other people while the blisters appear, nor should he share the toys that he has put in his mouth.
Herpes Zoster, type II. First, itching, tingling or burning or pain appears on the skin, especially on the trunk (chest and abdomen). After 4 or 5 days, the area becomes red and contagious blisters appear, because they contain the virus inside.
These blisters can break open and become ulcers. After a week or two, they dry out and form a scab that falls off and can leave a residual scar.
Other symptoms that shingles infection can lead to are abdominal pain, fever, chills, headache, and joint pain. Although it is not common, the rash can reach the face, mouth, eyes and ears.
Herpes simplex, type I. When the child complains of itchiness or pain around the lips, an ice cube or ice pack can be applied for an hour and a half to stop the infection.
It can also be rubbed 4 times a day with a cotton ball soaked in alcohol until they begin to dry. They should be left exposed to the open air, without using ointments.
When the blisters have disappeared, we can prevent a regrowth with a sunscreen. If the herpes extends or lasts more than 2 weeks, it is advisable to go to the doctor.
Herpes zoster, type II. It is advisable to consult your doctor or pediatrician first. Treatment should start 24 to 48 hours after pain and always before blisters appear.
The most common treatment is with antiviral drugs that are aimed at reducing the duration of the acute stage, which normally lasts one week, through syrups, ointments or tablets that have the ability to significantly reduce the duration of symptoms.
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