Who doesn't like honey, right? Its sweet taste, its friendly texture, its presence in traditional pastries ... All this and much more makes us all like it; or at least, to many people among which I include myself. Well, there is a childhood clinical picture that consists of the appearance of spots on the skin that are covered by a honey-colored crust, and that we doctors call 'yellowish meliceric crusts' precisely for that. We are talking about impetigo.
It is a common pathology in childhood, so many parents wonder how impetigo is spread, what are its most frequent symptoms and how it can be cured. Since Guiainfantil.com we answer six of the most frequent questions.
1. What is impetigo?
Impetigo is a skin disease secondary to infection by various bacteria, the most common of which are two: staphylococcus and streptococcus.
2. What is usually the origin of infantile impetigo?
The origin of impetigo is usually found in a previous injury such as an insect bite, a wound, etc. The bacteria that we all have on the skin can take advantage of this circumstance to go deep into the tissues and proceed to their inflammation.
3. How is impetigo spread?
Indeed, impetigo is contagious. When a child has an injury caused by this infection and handles it, he can transmit it to other regions of his body through his own hands.
And, of course, you can also spread it by touching other children. Hence, it is so important to educate the child to wash their hands properly.
4. How do I know if my child has impetigo?
Initially, the skin with impetigo appears red and slightly inflamed, with a papule appearance, somewhat like a pimple. Later, these papules tend to ulcerate in their center; the ulcers eventually fill with pus and become covered by honey-colored crusts.
Although they can appear in any area of the body, the most frequent lesions are located on the face, arms and legs.
5. Are there different types of impetigo?
From a theoretical point of view, two types of impetigo are recognized: one non-bullous, which is the most frequent, and another bullous (it is less frequent).
The difference between one and the other lies, as its name expresses, in that blisters do not appear in one, while in the other they do. The blistering variant may resemble a burn.
6. What is the most common treatment for this skin infection?
Doctors often recommend a strictly topical treatment (applied directly to the skin) with mupirocin for single lesions.
In the event that the patient manifests general discomfort, if he has a disease of the defenses or if he presents multiple lesions, an oral antibiotic treatment must be used for a week. Compounds with cloxacillin or amoxicillin-clavulanic acid are commonly used.
7. What happens if impetigo is not treated?
Untreated impetigo can give local complications, for example, the infection can progress towards the subcutaneous cellular tissue. But it can also lead to distant complications, such as inflammation of the renal glomerulus, or spread of the infection through the blood (bacteremia).
You can read more articles similar to How is infantile impetigo spread? Skin infections in children, in the category of Childhood Diseases on site.