Transmission of HIV from mother to baby in pregnancy

Transmission of HIV from mother to baby in pregnancy

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An HIV-positive or HIV-positive mother can pass it on to her child and this is known as vertical transmission. Most children who are HIV positive have been infected during pregnancy, at birth or during lactation.

According to the WHO (World Health Organization), without treatment, the vertical transmission rate of the virus is 15 to 45 percent, and thanks to prevention actions it is possible to reduce up to 5 percent. One of the most important aspects to avoid this contagion is that pregnant women undergo an HIV test from the beginning of their pregnancy to rule out the presence of this virus.

If you are not pregnant yet, you have time to take the test and find out if you are an HIV positive woman. In addition, knowing what apregnancy under these circumstances. If you are already pregnant, you should know whether or not you are a carrier of the HIV virus because that way you can avoid transmitting it to your baby.

TheHIV or Human Immunodeficiency Virus attacks people's immune systems making them more vulnerable to infections, some of which can be deadly. AIDS is the final stage of HIV, and not everyone who gets it develops AIDS.

The good news is that you can prevent transmission of the virus from mother to baby. In the world there is a comprehensive approach to the prevention of this contagion that tries to decrease, year after year, the vertical transmission rate of the virus, through different actions:

1 - Avoid contagion in women of childbearing age
Through different campaigns the community is invited to have safe sex to prevent men and women from getting HIV, preventing its spread.

2 - Avoid unwanted pregnancies in HIV-positive women
In general, women are invited to find out if they are infected to provide them with information, methods of contraception, and the treatment they need.

3 - Identification of seropositive pregnant women
The only way to know is through HIV test, This does not affect the pregnancy or the fetus, and the pregnant woman should have it done as soon as she knows she is pregnant.

4 - Treatment
If the mother is HIV-positive, medication will be given antiretrovirals which will decrease the concentration of the virus in your body. Although the highest rate of infection does not occur during pregnancy, it is important that the pregnant woman HIV positive patients undergo antiretroviral treatment because it reduces the risk of infection and will significantly improve their health and that of the fetus, avoiding complications in pregnancy and childbirth, which could increase the possibility of infection.

These medicines and their doses are evaluated so as not to affect the pregnancy or the baby and are sent to women, under medical supervision.

5 - Delivery
About 70 percent of cases of mother-to-child transmission of the virus occur during childbirth through contact of the mother's fluids with the baby. At natural birth the baby is exposed to these fluids from the HIV positive mother, which is why scheduled delivery is advised by Caesarean section. This will depend in some cases on the desire of the pregnant woman, her cultural level, the country she lives in and the complications of pregnancy

For the delivery, the medical body must take precautions, provide antiretroviral drugs and avoid contact of the baby with maternal fluids. If the mother is given HIV treatment during pregnancy, the chances of complications during delivery that can lead to contagion are reduced.

6 - Breast milk
In developed countries where it is easily replaceable breastmilk For artificial milk, it is recommended that the HIV-positive mother not feed the baby since breastfeeding is another way of contagion. In very poor countries, it turns out to be more risky for a baby to die from complications derived from the lack of protection provided by mother's milk, from poor water quality and the low quality or non-existence of milk to replace the mother's milk.

In those countries it is suggested that the mother breastfeed her baby exclusively for 6 months or even prolong breastfeeding combined with treatment against the HIV virus.

If you want more information, you should go to the doctor or the health authorities of your city or country. You need not fear HIV test Well, if you quickly know your diagnosis, pregnant or not, you have a better chance of obtaining timely treatment that will result in a better quality of life for you and your baby.

If you are planning to get pregnant, it is very important that you know your health status and that includes knowing whether or not you have HIV. We must all strive to ensure the right to be born healthy for all children.

You can read more articles similar to Transmission of HIV from mother to baby in pregnancy, in the category of Diseases - annoyances on site.

Video: How to stop mother to child transmission of HIV (December 2022).