On World AIDS Day, especially, we would like to celebrate the discovery of the vaccine that has the ability to prevent or cure AIDS patients.
We would like, above all, to commemorate the eradication of this disease in the world. However, although this day has not yet come, we join with all those who fight to prevent thousands of children and families from continuing to suffer the consequences of this serious disease.
How do you get HIV in childhood? What is the treatment for AIDS in children? We will tell you why it is still a disease that kills in developing countries and how it has been controlled in developed countries. Everything you need to know about children and AIDS.
According to World Health Organization (WHO), in recent years we have made great progress in the fight against HIV, but there is still a pending and very important issue that is AIDS in children. Today, in the world,there are more than 3.5 million children living with HIV. In developed countries there is almost no transmission from mother to child because it was eliminated with preventive measures with retroviral treatment with drugs in the mother, throughout pregnancy, caesarean section and lactation. Unfortunately, this situation does not occur in less developed countries.
AIDS continues to affect millions of people, adults and children, mainly in developing countries, where for the majority there is no training or the necessary health care.
Fighting AIDS is fighting a disease, a virus that progressively destroys a person's immune system, making your body susceptible to contracting other diseases and infections such as meningitis and pneumonia, especially in the case of children.
90 percent of children have acquired the virus from their mothers. More than 3 million children under the age of 15 live with the virus in the world. The pediatric AIDS it is considered a neglected disease because in poor countries there is no interest or conditions in developing retroviral treatment. Without treatment, half of the children will die before reaching the age of two.
Today, HIV-infected children can be detected and treated even if the tools are not enough. More tailored diagnostic tests are needed, as well as child-tailored retroviral treatments, as well as child-focused research.
AIDS kills if it is not treated. If the disease is diagnosed early and treated, both a child and an adult can lead 'normal' lives. But, of course, all this depends on medicines, on adequate antiviral therapy, and their price is still very high. Many governments subsidize it by making many patients benefit from this treatment.
But still in many countries, access to this treatment is still a serious problem. Its price is too high for a low-income population. As for children, treatment is also more problematic. Medicines for pediatric use are not always available.
While all this does not find a way or a solution, the number of cases of children with AIDS continues to grow, there are still deaths and more deaths. AIDS in children is even more complicated than in adults. The virus tends to be more aggressive, rapidly affecting the immune system and causing death in a short period of time.
The baby contracts the virus through its mother, during delivery. Unlike adults, AIDS symptoms usually appear in the baby's first year of life, and a high percentage die before reaching the age of four, permanently losing the simple circumstance of being alive.
You can read more articles similar to Children and AIDS: how to fight HIV in childhood, in the category of Childhood Diseases on site.