The 7 most common skin diseases and infections in children

The 7 most common skin diseases and infections in children

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Urticaria, warts, impetigo, atopic dermatitis ... These are some of the most common skin diseases and injuries in children. Their names can be a bit scary and many times because of their ignorance we do not know how to act. We tell you what each one of them consists of, how they manifest themselves and their treatment.

The skin is one of the most fascinating and special organs we have. Did you know that its role is essential as a defense element against pathogens? So that's it. Also, it regulates the temperature thanks to the sweat glands and is a key sensitive organ, since the quality of touch resides in it. Here are some aspects of seven most common skin diseases, injuries and infections in children.

1. Urticaria
It is a very itchy lesion, which manifests itself through the appearance of hives. These hives are reddened areas, somewhat edematous and slightly raised, which are very itchy. Hives are commonly known as welts or welts.

In childhood, hives usually appear for no reason, although in some cases they are secondary to the consumption of an allergen, or are related to a sudden change in temperature (hot cold) or an infection. They are usually self-limited in time and respond well to oral antihistamines. They seldom become chronic.

2. Molluscum contagiosum
Mollusks are raised, umbilicated lesions in their center, and small in size. They are the result of an infection by a virus from the same family as the smallpox virus. They can be single or multiple. They are usually asymptomatic, or generate a mild itch.

In general, as of today its treatment is discouraged, unless they generate significant symptoms or are located in areas of friction. In these cases, they can be removed. It is recommended to do it under topical anesthesia, as it is an annoying process.

3. Warts
Warts usually appear on exposed areas, such as the hands or feet. They are raised lesions, rough surface, single or multiple. They tend to disappear spontaneously, so their treatment is not indicated, unless they produce important symptoms. To treat them, cryotherapy (induces a cold burn) or substances that reduce their size (such as salicylic petroleum jelly) can be used, with subsequent filing.

4. Atopic dermatitis
This problem is more and more frequent. It is characterized by the appearance of eczema-like, reddish and itchy lesions that appear on the skin of predisposed children. It is typical that the area of ​​folds is affected (neck, elbow flexure, knee flexure).

In atopic children we advise nonspecific measures such as not bathing daily, not prolonging the immersion in the aquatic environment too long, use of oatmeal soap, light and contact drying of the skin, application of moisturizers, avoid the use of synthetic garments.

To handle a dermatitis outbreak Topical corticosteroids and oral antihistamines are usually used (the latter will lessen the itch). In severe cases, oral corticosteroids and / or topical immunosuppressants can be used, always under the supervision of your trusted doctor.

5. Impetigo
Impetigo is a highly contagious bacterial skin infection that usually appears over a front door. The gateway can be an insect bite, a small wound, etc. This loss of continuity of the skin is used by some bacteria on the skin's surface to penetrate deeper territories.

From a clinical point of view, the most typical is the appearance of a reddened area of ​​the skin that presents crusts the color of honey (meliceric scabs). The child, when touching these can spread the infection to other regions of his body. For its approach, antibiotic treatment is indicated, topically or orally. The latter is reserved for cases with multiple injuries.

6. Athlete's foot (dyshidrotic eczema)
It is very common in children who practice sports regularly. It is an erythematous-desquamative lesion, with a tendency to the appearance of cracks, and that appears between the toes of the feet, as well as on the edge of these. It is produced by the maceration of sweat, and is usually associated with a fungal infection, as the humidity favors the growth of these germs.

This lesion may exude a yellowish liquid material. It is very itchy. The child, by scratching, can induce a secondary superinfection of the lesion. For its treatment, the pediatrician or dermatologist will use corticosteroids and antifungal drugs. The latter are products that fight fungal infections.

7. Psoriasis
This is a chronic autoimmune disease of the skin, characterized by the appearance of raised, reddish patches with a scaly surface (it seems as if they have a little flour on the surface). The lesions are usually annoying, since they itch or hurt, and can be distributed over different areas of the body.

Many patients report a worsening when the climatic or humidity conditions change. Topical or systemic treatments can induce some improvement, but not its disappearance. As a curiosity, we will say that a percentage of patients improves with sessions of UVA rays, combined with a substance called psoralen.

You can read more articles similar to The 7 most common skin diseases and infections in children, in the category of Childhood Diseases on site.

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