Something as simple as tooth brushing can be a totally unknown world for parents who are considering brush him for the first time teeth to their children. And it is that nobody teaches them correctly how they should do it; Even if you stop to think for a moment, sometimes, even when we are adults, we do not know if the brushing we are doing is correct.
Buying the first toothpaste can also be quite an adventure, so with this post my mission is to inform you of the changes that have occurred regarding toothpaste, and always supported with the scientific evidence current. I solve you the most common doubts of parents about tooth brushing of children
It is normal for doubts to assail us when our baby's first tooth appears. Should I brush it? What paste should I use? What if it does not know how to spit? ... Below you can find the answers to the most common doubts of parents about tooth brushing of children.
What type of toothpaste should we use?
There is high scientific evidence, specifically grade A (highly recommended, good evidence, effective and the benefits far outweigh the prejudices, in case you have any doubts) of using toothpastes with a fluorine concentration of 1000 ppmF (parts per million of fluoride) regardless of age if we want to prevent cavities.
In countries where the 1000ppmF concentration guideline is widely accepted, pastes below this fluoride concentration are not marketed, regardless of whether the paste tube indicates 0-3 years, 4-6 years, since its objective is not to confuse to the population while helping to promote proper dental health. In Spain, however, we have to look at the composition of the pasta that we buy because the name or age range With which they are marketed they do not carry a sufficient amount of recommended fluoride, we refer to the pastes that are sold under the name of children or for children under 3 years old. That is why we find 1000 ppmF pastes under the name of Junior or older pasta 6 years.
When to start using toothpaste and how much?
Before, the indication was brush without paste dental if the child did not know how to spit, due to the risk of ingesting some toothpaste. Now, the 1000 ppmF fluoridated toothpaste must be used from the eruption of the first tooth, and therefore, dear parents you must also have a children's toothbrush to be able to place it. So it is time to discard the silicone thimbles and gauze soaked in water that you used until now to clean your baby's mouth. This recommendation is supported by important scientific societies such as the British NHS or the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry and endorsed by recent studies investigating protective factors for prevent infant tooth decay.
In babies who do not know how to spit, a scraped amount of pasta on the brush, at 2 years we can increase to the size of a grain of rice and in older than 3 years, the amount is one pea. This last amount should not be increased regardless of whether we are 6, 20, 40 or 70 years old. What must be progressively increased is the fluoride concentration after 5 or 6 years depending on the risk of cavities. For this reason, the Pediatric Dentist will be the one who best guides you from the beginning in everything related to the oral hygiene of your child.
What if my child can't spit and swallows the pasta?
Well, the most recent studies on the subject show that with these amounts the risk of fluorosis is very slight, almost non-existent. However, where there is a problem is the high prevalence of cavities in children under 3 years of age. Seeing cases of moderate / severe fluorosis is very rare and usually occurs in people who live and have chronically drunk water supplies with a high concentration of fluoride. Also do not forget that fluoride toothpaste is considered a product of topical use and that is fixed to the teeth thanks to the calcium that exists in the enamel.
I end with one last advice for children and adults, you have to spit but it is important not to rinse toothpaste with water after brushing. The reason is that the water removes the protective layer of fluoride that the toothpaste leaves after brushing. This film guarantees us additional protection against tooth decay. Therefore, if you are very thirsty, drink water before brushing your teeth to maintain the anticaries effect of fluoride for longer.
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