Differences between Asperger's and Autism

Differences between Asperger's and Autism

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He Asperger syndrome is a disorder within autism and has very recently differentiated from typical autism, although it remains within the autism spectrum. There is still little information about the prognosis of these children, who are called 'high-achieving autistics'.

The reason is that it is considered that children with Asperger's, compared to other forms of autism, are more likely become independent adults and lead an absolutely normal life. This is more frequent when these adults have a job or a profession that is related to their areas of interest, and can be very competent.

Although the similarities between Autism and Asperger's are very obvious, some differences can also be highlighted. At autism, all the alterations are very evident in the first three years of life, while in children with Asperger's (even if it is within the autism spectrum) there is no evidence of cognitive delay and, for the most part, they have an above-normal intellectual capacity.

In many cases the diagnosis is made in adolescence or later, although many parents begin to detect that their child has Asperger syndrome when you are between two and seven years old.

The main characteristics are: an abnormal social development (they have very few or no friends), a use of strange language (they invent words, repeat phrases or learn to read by themselves) and the presence of routines and rituals (always eat in the same dish or take an exorbitant interest in a topic).

1. Language. Autistics present language delay, while children with Asperger's display a surprising vocabulary because it becomes even pedantic or too cultured, which is more noticeable when they talk about a topic that is closely related to the topic they are on. interested.

2. Movements. Clumsiness of movements seems to be more characteristic of Asperger syndrome, although there is no consensus of experts on this trait and, in addition, the variability of alterations among those affected is very high.

3. Memory. Children with Asperger's are very capable of storing many details, they usually have a good repetition memory, but their main problem is their lack of ability to integrate all that information.

The factors involved in autism are similar to Asperger's syndrome and include genetic alterations (it is four times more frequent in males), intrauterine factors and those of childbirth such as anoxia (lack of oxygen) that leads to abnormal neurological development.

The damaged brain structures are the cortex, amygdala, and hippocampus, which are very important areas for learning and emotions. Infections during pregnancy could cause these disorders, but there is no single cause, but many. What is proven is that its origin is not sociological and that the cause may be neurobiological in origin.

The number of people affected by autism is one in every 15,000 subjects, although when talking about less serious disorders, the frequency increases to one for every 1,000 individuals and decreases to one in 100 when talking about mild forms of autism.

Regarding Asperger syndrome, although there is less research, it seems that it usually occurs in 1 in 300 individuals and that it is, at least, between two and three times more common than childhood autism.



1. IQ generally above normal

1. IQ generally below normal

2. The diagnosis is carried out normally

after 3 years

2. The diagnosis is normally made before the age of 3

3. Appearance of language in normal time

3. Delay in the appearance of language

4. They are all verbal

4. About 25 percent are nonverbal

5. Above average grammar and vocabulary

5. Limited grammar and vocabulary

6. General interest in social relationships.

They wish to have friends and are frustrated

for their social difficulties.

6. General disinterest in social relationships.

They don't want to have friends

7. Incidence of seizures same as the rest of the population

7. One third have seizures

8. General clumsiness

8. Normal physical development

9. Obsessive 'high-level' interests

9. No 'high-level' obsessive interest

10. Parents detect problems around

two and a half years

10. Parents detect problems around

18 months of age

11. Complaints from parents are

language problems, or in socialization

and behavior

11. Parent complaints are language delays

Sources consulted:


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